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The Official Publisher for the Brazilian Society of Anatomy

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Editorial

Valéria Paula Sassoli Fazan

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Retropelvic artery: anatomical background for experimental urology (Review article)

Marco Aurélio Pereira-Sampaio, Diogo Benchimol de Souza, Franciso José Sampaio

9

Macroscopic and Microscopic Analysis of the Tongue of the Greater Cane Rat (Thryonomys Swinderianus, Temminck)

Olumayowa Olawumi Igado, Adenrele Olalekan Adebayo, Collins Chika Oriji, Oluwasanmi Olayinka Aina, Bankole Olusiji Oke1

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Morphometric Study of Scapulae in Human Skeletons in Northeastern Brazil

Renan Furtado de Almeida Mendes, Tássia Santos de Melo, Jalles Dantas de Lucena, André de Sá Braga Oliveira

22

Relationship between Birth Weight, Placental Weight and Apgar score in Dosso, Niger Republic

Barnabas Danborno, Sidikou Abbas, Angela Member Danborno, Monday Nwankwo

27

Morphological Aspects of the Monodelphis Domestica Dentition

Jussara Peixoto Ennes, Muryllo Eduardo Sales dos Santos, Ana Beatriz dos Santos da Mata Torres, Samille Bolacel Avila

38

Blood Glucose Concentration, Pancreatic Histology and Insulin-Expression following Metformin and Glibenclamide Administration in Diabetic Rats

Innocent A. Edagha, David O. Edem, Henry D. Akpan, Itoro F. Usoh, Edelungudi I. Edagha

44

Revisiting the feeding anatomy of the semi-aquatic lizard Dracaena guianensis Daudin, 1801 (Reptilia, Sauria) from the Western Brazilian Amazon

Antonio Tarlei de Souza Leite, Aline Nayara Poscai, André Luis da Silva Casas

51

A Cadaveric Investigation to Advance the Understanding of Deltoid Vein

Sunita Kalra, Gitanjali Khorwal, Shweta Jha, Sonu

57

The Golden Ratio and Michelangelo ́s Influence in Gaspar Becerra`s Flayed Man

Deivis de Campos, Luciano Buso, Pamela Brambilla Bagatini, Dauana Ioara Prass, Léder Leal Xavier

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Ultrastructural studies on the palatine tonsil of buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Ibrahim Alhaji Girgiri, Pawan Kumar

70

Morphometric Analysis of The Accessory Transverse Foramen in a Population in Northeastern Brazil
João Pedro Maia Medeiros, 
Jamil Dieb Santana, Fábio Antônio Serra de Lima Júnior, Jonathan Barros Cavalcante, Desiré Dominique Diniz de Magalhães, André de Sá Braga Oliveira, Cecília de Lima Leite, Sandy Costa Gonçalves, Gilberto Santos Cerqueir, Jalles Dantas de Lucena

80

Anatomic study of the distal Arcade of Superficial Layer of Supinator Muscle
Jenny Jacob, Bina Isaac

85

The Effects of Aging on the Femoral Bone Mass, Bone Stiffness and Maximum Resistance Strength - Assessed in a Rat Model
Sheila Martins Puelker, Sonia Regina Ribeiro de Castro, Romeu Rodrigues de Souza, Laura Beatriz Mesiano Maifrino, Maria do Carmo Sitta

89

Prosection-Aided Demonstrations for Gross Anatomy Lectures: Facilitating Effective Teaching-Time and Self-Guided Dissection Experience for Students

Niladri Kumar Mahato

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Clinical Anatomy Teaching: Strategies in Medical Training
Ana Olívia Dantas, Laura Alícia Morais Lima Oliveira, Emily Queiroga Queiroga, Lauanda Ênia de Medeiros Rocha, Heron Alves Vale, Breno Vinícius Dias de Souza, Vivianne Izabelle de Araújo Baptista, Leonardo Thiago Duarte Barreto Nobre, Sebastião Pacheco Duque Neto, Eudes Euler de Souza Lucena

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Absence of Median Nerve in Cubital Fossa - A Rare Anatomical Variation
Y. Lakshmisha Rao, Mamatha Tonse, Mangala M. Pai, Latha V. Prabhu, Kaushal Shastri

Submental Anatomical Variations: The Uniqueness of a Common Variation
Laísa Caldas Fernandes, Patricia Shirley de Almeida Prado

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Duplicity of the Inferior Vena Cava’s Image Finding: Clinical and Surgical Care
Beatriz de Andrade Lima Marinho, Victor Maciel Bandim, Vivienne Maria Ferreira de Andrade, Luísa de Andrade Lima Marinho, Milena Torres Araújo Cavalcanti, José Guido Corrêa de Araújo Júnior, Jaciel Benedito de Oliveira

109

Epidural Hematoma: A Systematic Review

Vítor Ferraz Silva Tacconi, Luciana Karla Viana Barroso, Nicole Bruna da Costa Azevedo, Tayná Rodrigues de Souza, Cíntia Thaís Duarte Matias

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Morphometry of Suprascapular Notch in Northeast Brazilian Population

Jalles Dantas de Lucena, Fábio Antônio Serra de Lima Júnior, Andressa Alves de Carvalho,

Lucas de Andrade Alexandre, Tássia Santos de Melo, Maria Clara Motta Barbosa Valente, Francisco Orlando Rafael Freitas, Gilberto Santos Cerqueira, André de Sá Braga Oliveira

121

Appreciation of Incisive Foramen in Intraoral Periapical Radiographs - A Comparative Radiographic Study

K. M. Veena, Rameesa Razak, Laxmikanth Chatra, Prashanth Shenoy, Rachana V. Prabhu1

127

Prevalence of Scaphoid Scapula in Indian Population and its Clinical Significance

Rajani Singh, N N Srivastava

130

The Introduction of Active Learning Methodologies in Anatomy Teaching to Physical Education Course

João Antônio Bonatto-Costa, Jéssica Deisiane Scherer, Matheus Ramos, Matheus Ayres Melo, Deivis de Campos, Lino Pinto de Oliveira Junior

134

Medical Students Perception to Different Types of Reasoning Questions in Histology Lectures

Suresh Narayanan, Nachiket Shankar, Vimala Ananthy

138

Morphometric Analysis of Distal Epiphysis of Humerus in Northeast Brazil

Nayana Maria Medeiros Vilar Barbosa, Maria Luísa Freitas de Lucena, Tássia Santos de Melo, Amanda do Nascimento Oliveira Carneiro, Gustavo Henrique Cabral de Paula, João Pedro Maia Medeiros, Luana Maria Moura Ferreira, Alexandre Soares de Mesquita, Jalles Dantas de Lucena, André de Sá Braga Oliveira

145

Histological and Histochemical Features Of the Jejunum in Wild Turkey Meleagris Gallopavo (Linnaeu, 1758)

Ameer M. Taha, Ali A. Abed, Mohamed M. A. Abumandour

150

Vibratory Platform in the Tibial Bone Tissue of Wistar Rats Subjected to Immobilization

Pâmela da Silva, Maria Luiza Serradourada Wutzke, Morgana Neves, Lucineia de Fátima Chasko Ribeiro, Gladson Ricardo Flor Bertolini

158

Parotid Cells and Infrared Laser. A Morphometric Study

Constanza Gatica, Diego Calfunao, Valeria Colicheo, Kurt Buchegger, Paola Muñoz, Orlando Garrido, Roberto Jaramillo, Ricardo Cornejo

163

Cribriform Plate Anatomical Variations: A Computed Tomography Study

Carlos Romualdo Rueff-Barroso, Tânia Mara de Sá Ferreira, Caroline Fernandes-Santos, Valéria Paula Sassoli Fazan

169

Ultrastructural Characterization of the Buccal Cavity Floor of the Striped Red Mullet fish Mullus Surmuletus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Mohamed M.A. Abumandour, Neveen E.R. El-Bakary

175

Construction of Dissection Protocols as a Learning Object for Teaching Comparative Animal Anatomy

Andréia Passos Pequeno

180

Human Fetal Thyroid Gland: A Morphological & Histological Study

Sushma R Kotian, Salva M N, Arvind Kumar Pandey, Sneha G Kalthur

186

Micro-computed Tomography Study of Root Canal Anatomy of Permanent Mandibular Canines

Fernanda Moura Antonialli, Alexandre Rodrigues Freire, Rafael Araujo, Sarah Teixeira Costa, Felippe Bevilacqua Prado, Ana Claudia Rossi

190

Anatomy of the Aortic Root and the Coronary Ostia: CT Evaluation

Uliana Pidvalna, Lesya Mateshuk-Vatseba, Dmytro Beshley, Marta Kolishetska

195

Radiological Study of Portal Vein Variations and its Morphometry with Special Reference to its Surgical Implications of Liver

Vidya C S, Manjunatha B, Sudha Kiran Das 

201

The Accessory Left Hepatic Artery (Michels Class V): a Case Report

Kennedy Martinez de Oliveira, Giuliano Roberto Gonçalves, Mateus Figueiredo Gonçalves, Ananda Calili Rezende Lima, Emilly Dutra Amaral Meggiolaro, Lucas Nogueira Ramos, Rodrigo César Rosa, Severino Denício Gonçalves de Sousa, Maísa de Fátima Satiro Oliveira, Leandro Henrique Grecco

206

Morphometric Study of Patella in Human Skeletons in Northeastern Brazil

João Pedro Maia Medeiros, Gustavo Henrique Cabral de Paula, Amanda do Nascimento Oliveira Carneiro, Desiré Dominique Diniz de Magalhães, Matheus de Sousa Silva, André de Sá Braga Oliveira, Jalles Dantas de Lucena

212

The Anatomy of The Fabela Bone and its Clinical Importance

Sóstenes S. Oliveira, Wellington J. S. F. Oliveira

219

Synostosis in the Cervical Vertebrae: a Case Report

Denival Nascimento Vieira Júnior, Ardilles Juan Carlos Alves dos Santos, Kassia de Oliveira Gomes da Silva, João Antônio Leal de Miranda, Katrine Bezerra Cavalcanti

221

Effects of Photobiomodulation on Experimental Bone Repair in Animal models: a Systematic Review

Otavio Marino dos Santos Neto, Lothar Lilge, Carla Andreotti Damante, Ana Carla Campos, João Paulo Mardegan Issa

224

Buccal Fat Pad Anatomy and its Importance for Safe Clinical Procedures: a Review

Beatriz Carmona Ferreira1, Luciane Naomi Oguma Watanabe1, Alexandre Rodrigues Freire, Paulo Roberto Botacin, Felippe Bevilacqua Prado1, Ana Cláudia Rossi

237

Glymphatic Structure and Morphological Features of the Brain

Ismail Hakkı Nur, William Perez

246

Therapeutic Proposals That Improve Morphological Changes Of 5 Fluorouracil-Induced Intestinal Mucositis: a Review of the Literature

Maria Lucianny Lima Barbosa, Lorena Lopes Brito, Bárbara Barbosa Pires, Joselane Maria da Silva, João Antônio Leal de Miranda, Gilberto Santos Cerqueira

256

A review of the First Outbreak of the 2019 Novel Coronaviruses (SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19) in Egypt
Mohamed Abumandour, Naglaa Madkour, Rasha Tawfik, Ramzy Abumandour

266

A Glass Painting by Raphael Sanzivs (1483-1520) Revealed by its Partially Hidden Signatures on the Characters’ Anatomy
Deivis de Campos, Danielle Coutinho Rodrigues, 
Tais Malysz, Adriana Augusti, Luciano Buso

272

A Study of the Incidence of Coccygeal and Lumbar Sacralisation and its Clinical Significance
Jefferson Pereira Sarmento, 
Diego Furtado Rolim Lima, Ana Priscila Franca Correia, Vagner da Fonseca Conca Filho, Israel Rodrigues Pereira, Cecília de Lima Leite, Samara Alves Brito,
Jalles Dantas de Lucena

278

Study of the Mandibular Canal as an Indicator for Sexual Dimorphism
Talita Maximo Carreira Ribeiro, 
Alexandre Rodrigues Freire, Rafael Araujo, Sárah Teixeira Costa, Beatriz Carmona Ferreira, Eduardo Daruge Júnior, Felippe Bevilacqua Prado, Ana Cláudia Rossi

282

Incidence of the Anatomical Variations of Mental Foramen in Human Mandibles of a Brazilian Sample
Luciane Naomi Oguma Watanabe, 
Alexandre Rodrigues Freire, Juliana Haddad, Paulo Roberto Botacin, Felippe Bevilacqua Prado, Ana Cláudia Rossi

287

Morphological Comparison Between the Large Metatarsal Bone of Zebu bull (Bos Taurus indicus) and Egyptian Baladi bull (Bos Taurus Taurus): New Insights by Gross, Morphometric, and Computed Tomography
Ashraf A. El Sharaby, 
Mohammed Ali Abd El-Fatah, Mohamed M. A. Abumandour, and Ahmed G. Nomir

291

Effects of Exercise on The Knee Joint in an Experimental Rheumatoid Arthritis Model
Morgana Neves, Alana Ludemila de Freitas Tavares, Ana Caroline Barbosa Retameiro, Aline Reginato, Taciane Stein da Silva Leal, Lucinéia de Fátima Chasko Ribeiro, Gladson Ricardo Flor Bertolini

299

Hypoglycemic Effect and Histopathological Changes of the Ethanolic Extract of Witheringia Solanaceae L ́Hér Fruits
Andréia Passos Pequeno, 
Tânia Maria Sarmento da Silva, Vinicius Vasconcelos Gomes de Oliveira, Valdemiro Amaro da Silva Júnior

305

Histomorphometry and Stereological Study of Septomarginal Trabecula in Pig’s Heart
Sergio Ricardo Rios Nascimento, Cristiane Regina Ruiz, 
Marina Nunes, Samara Urban de Oliva

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A Novel Classification of the Internal Morphology of Mastoid Emissary Canals and st’s Importance for Surgical Practice: an in Silico Anatomical Study

Olavo Barbosa de Oliveira-Neto, Juliana Haddad, Felippe Bevilacqua Prado, Ana Cláudia Rossi, Alexandre Rodrigues Freire

315

Sternal Index in Human Fetuses as an Indicator of Sexual Dimorphism
José Aderval Aragão, Higor Dantas Gonçalves Carvalho 
Ícaro Quintela Matos, Renan Santos Cavalcanti, Iapunira Catarina Sant’Anna Aragão, Felipe Matheus Sant’Anna Aragão, Pedro Henrique Adário Marassi, Paôla Cardoso, Bárbara Costa Lourenço, Francisco Prado Reis

321

Morphometric Analysis of Axis Vertebra for Atlantoaxial Fixation in Northeastern Brazil

Gustavo de Souza Marques Filho, Letícia Leite Cavalcante, Ana Karoliny de Souza Gomes, João Pedro Maia Medeiros, Henrique Ribeiro Pessoa Cavalcanti, André de Sá Braga Oliveira, Jalles Dantas de Lucena

325

Graduate and Undergraduate Students’ Perceptions of the Spine Muscles Study Methods
Fernanda Vieira Botelho Delpupo, João Gabriel Alexander, 
Juliana Hott de Fúcio Lizardo, Josemberg da Silva Baptista

329

Percepton of Medical Students on Influence of Language Barrier in Bedside Teaching
Amulya S, Vidya C S, Smitha M C

336

Index Accessory Extensor and Radials Accessory Carpi Extensor: Anatomical, Clinical and Surgery Relevance
Oliveira JVR, Almeida Junior E, Nogueira MS, Nunes DR, Santos CNOB, Reis FP

342

Accessory Head of the Flexor Pollicis Longus Muscle (Gantzer Muscle) in a Human Fetus: Case Report and Literature Review 

José Aderval Aragão, Lucimario de Carvalho Barros, Isaias Felipe dos Santos, Iapunira Catarina Sant’Anna Aragão, Felipe Matheus Sant’Anna Aragão, Wallace Brener Santana Campos, Myrla Lorenna Andrade Cruz, Asaf Ramos dos Santos, Francisco Prado Reis

347

Prof. Reinhold Schmaltz and his Contribution to Equine Anatomy

William Pérez, Horst Erich Köni̇

351

Role of Flavonoids in Cisplatin-Induced Nephrotoxicity: an Integrative Review
Levi Costa Carioca, Bárbara Barbosa Pires, Maria Lucianny Lima Barbosa, Gilberto Santos Cerqueira1

355

Morphological Variations of the Celiac Plexus and its Clinical Implications: a literature Review
Jordana Gabriela Araújo Santana, Álisson Nogueira Aquino, Joan Lins Serafim, Américo Danuzio Pereira de Oliveira, Rita di Cássia de Oliveira Angelo

362

Morphometric Analysis of the Orbit in Dry Human Skulls in Northeast Brazil
Lucas de Andrade Alexandre, 
Tássia Santos de Melo, Larissa Vilar Ferreira, Jalles Dantas de Lucena, André de Sá Braga Oliveira

367

Palmar Crease Variations and Total Degree of Transversality Among Two Ethnic Groups In Southern Nigeria.
Jaiyeoba-Ojigho Jennifer Efe, 
Ominde Beryl Shitandi, Okolie Ikechukwu Emmanuel, Igbigbi Patrick Sunday

372

Morphological Variants of the Human Spleen: a Cadaveric Study
Vanishri S. Nayak, 
Chethan Purushothama, Nandini P. Bhat, Latha V. Prabhu, Vasudha V. Saralaya, Mangala M. Pai, B.V. Murlimanju

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386

Comparative Anatomical Study of the Kidneys in Cattle (Bos taurus) and Camel (Camelus dromederus)
Lydia Ishaya, 
Nathan Isaac DibaL, Samaila Musa Chiroma, Martha Orendu O. Attah

Alignment of the Facial Foramina in Relation to Midline: 3D-Morphometric Study in a Brazilian Sample
José Arthur Casella Poiani, 
Juliana Haddad, Olavo Barbosa de Oliveira Neto, Beatriz Carmona Ferreira, Ana Cláudia Rossi, Felippe Bevilacqua Prado, Alexandre Rodrigues Freire

392

Neuroelectrostimulation on Adult Mice’s Back and Hip Muscles, Through a Special Vest: a Pilot Study
João Vitor Tadashi Cosin Shindo, José Eduardo Petit Rodokas, Guilherme dos Santos Sousa, Fabio Oliveira Maciel, Maira 
Cristina Rondina Couto, Mariza Akemi Matsumoto,

Beatriz Sangalette, Iris Jasmin Santos German, Karina Torres Pomini, Jesus Carlos Andreo, André Luís Shinohara

398

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Morphometric Analysis of the Sella Turcica in Northeast Brazil
Pablo Mariz de Oliveira, 
Amanda do Nascimento Oliveira Carneiro, Ivon Marcos Inácio Rodrigues, Fábio Antônio Serra de Lima Júnior, Thales Henrique de Araújo Sales, André de Sá Braga Oliveira, Jalles Dantas de Lucena

Evaluation of the Anatomical Variants of the Styloid Process in People Older than 20 Years
Fernando Darío Ceriani Navarro 
, Andrés Martínez-Almagro Andreo

410

Effect of Exogenous Melatonin on The Duodenum of Wistar Rats’ Offspring Submitted to Early Weaning
Marcos Aurélio Santos da Costa, José Anderson da Silva Gomes, Jennyfer Martins de Carvalho1, Otaciana Otacilia Arruda, Anderson Arnaldo da Silva, Bruno Mendes Tenorio, Fernanda das Chagas Angelo Mendes Tenorio, Sônia Pereira Leite

417

Bilateral Postglenoid Foramen: a Rare Case and Literature Review
José Aderval Aragão, 
João Victor Rocha de Almeida, Iapunira Catarina Sant’Anna Aragão, Felipe Matheus Sant’Anna Aragão, Isaias Felipe dos Santos, Lucimario de Carvalho Barros, Wallace Brener Santana Campos, Myrla Lorenna Andrade Cruz, Asaf Ramos dos Santos, Francisco Prado Reis

425

A Rare Variant of Thyroid Gland with Levator Glandulae Thyroidae and Absence of Isthmus – a Case Report in a Cadaver
Vidya C S, Hemamalini, Manjunath HN

428

Anatomical Variation of Anteroinferior Iliac Spine and Possible Associated Implications: a Case Report
Lucas Rodrigues Miranda, 
Paula Horrana Almeida Alves, José França Rezende Neto, Paulinne Junqueira Silva Andresen Strini, Polyanne Junqueira Silva Andresen Strini

431

An Anatomical Case Report of the Misnomer ‘Bovine Aortic Arch’

Bukkambudhi V. Murlimanju, Mangala M. Pai, Latha V. Prabhu, Vandana Blossom

436

Presence of Atypical Insertion of The Temporal Muscle Tendon and its Inter-Relationships in the Extraction of Third Lower Molar
Beatriz Sobrinho Sangalette, Rafaella Ferrari Pavoni, Daniela Marques Segatello,

João Rodrigues Cordeiro Marques, Marcos Mauricio Capelari, João Vitor Tadashi Cosin Shindo, Jesus Carlos Andreo, André Luis Shinohara, Gustavo Lopes Toledo

439

An Accessory Right Hepatic Artery Arising From Superior Mesenteric Artery And Its Clinical And Surgical Significance
Laura de Oliveira Teixeira, Milena Euzébio Rodrigues da Silva, Veronica Cestari Lourenço, Valentina Vetorasso Cabrera Mano, Camila Albuquerque Melo de Carvalho

443

Unusual Duplication of the Inferior Belly of the Omohyoid Muscle. Anatomical Description and Clinical Implication

Silvio Antonio Garbelotti Junior, Paulo Laino Cândido, Osvaldo Pelozo Junior, Marcelo Calil Burihan, Aluisio Andrade Junior, Marco Antonio De Angelis

448

Persistent Sciatic Vein and Coexistent Neuromuscular Variations – a Case Report
S. Sandy, Suman Verma

452